Intercropping coconut lands with minor export crops

Kurunegala District Rural Development Project by S. R. Bandara

Publisher: Agrarian Research and Training Institute in Colombo, Sri Lanka

Written in English
Published: Pages: 91 Downloads: 902
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Edition Notes

StatementS.R. Bandara, H.P.M. Gunasena.
SeriesResearch study series ;, no. 56
LC ClassificationsMicrofiche 84/63088 (S)
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 91 p.
Number of Pages91
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3011351M
LC Control Number84907711

Coconut as part of a mixed farming system. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. OCLC Number: Description: 29 pages: illustrations ; 28 cm: Series Title: Commodity reports, new ser. Surface mulching with coconut leaves or farm waste and sowing of Green manure crops in the basins also help in soil moisture retention. Fertilizer management Application of g N ( kg Urea), g P2O5 ( kg single super phosphate) and g K2O ( kg Muriate of Potash) along with 25 kg farm yard manure (or) 2 kg neem cake (or) 10 kg. Intercropping is the growing of two or more crops together in proximity on the same land. As a result, two or more crops are managed at the same time. It differs from crop rotation in which two or more crops are grown one after the other. There are at least four types of intercropping according to spatial arrangement (Sullivan, ). Intercropping coconut with pineapple and banana [] Appara, N.O. Serohijos, R.L Pineapple is a crop compatible with other intercrops, either with annuals, biennials, or perennials. The technology for pineapple production under coconut is available and could easily be followed by most coconut farmers. PCARRD Book Series (Philippines) Author: N.O. Appara, R.L. Serohijos, E.A. Aguilar.

availability of space and solar radiation to the understory. Therefore, intercropping or agroforestry in coconut lands plays a major role not only in food and economical security but also in sequestration of carbon. However, carbon sequestration potential of coconut based intercropping systems in File Size: KB.   Coffee and Tomato (Courtesy of CIAT)Intercropping is growing two or more crops together at the same time in the same space in a beneficial manner. Row intercropping is working this arrangement with at least one of the components being planted in rows. Strip intercropping is a more industrialized version with rows of individual crops big enough to be harvested with : Jonathon Engels. To maximise the utilisation of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple, banana, elephant foot yam, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, tapioca etc. upto years. During years of age of the palms, crop like colocasia which can tolerate shade can be Size: KB. The unutilised coconut land can be efficiently utilized for inter-cropping. Nutrients removed from coconut palm as well as inter-crops are very important factor which should be taken into account.

multiple cropping systems in agriculture in the United States is presented. Research needs to be directed to test these alternatives. Multiple cropping is not a new form of agri-cultural technology, but instead is an ancient means of intensive farming. Multiple cropping has been practiced in many parts of the world.   Intercropping tree crops with staple food crops before canopy closure is a very important practice by farmers. Consequently, available interspaces between the coconut and citrus were uniformly intercropped with cassava, followed by maize and .   Nature is full of examples of a symbiotic relationship. Intercropping if done keeping in mind the symbiotic nature of the main crop and the considered inter crop then the result would be fantastic however if intercropping does not take into accoun. intercropping over mono-cropping in terms of time taken by component crops in the intercropping systems. ATER can be calculated by the formula of area time equivalent ratio, (ATER) = LER x Dc / Dt (Heibsch, ), where LER is land equivalent ratio of crop, Dc is time taken by crop, Dt is time taken by whole system. Relative.

Intercropping coconut lands with minor export crops by S. R. Bandara Download PDF EPUB FB2

Intercropping coconut lands with minor export crops (kurunegala district rural development project) s. a h. gunasena research study series no. 56 march agrarian research and training institute p o box colombo 7 sri lankaFile Size: 3MB.

Intercropping with perennial, short-term, or cover crops rarely affects the yield or growth of the coconut crop adversely. Practices such as weeding and fertlising the intercrops may also increase coconut yields.

Fallen coconuts are easier to recover in a clean understorey. With widely spaced coconuts, i.e. above m, intercropping is possible irrespective of the age of the Size: KB. Coconut is a major commercial crop of Sri Lanka. Growing a number of other crops in association with coconuts is a widespread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the country.

The rationale for the practice is that other crops can profitably be grown between or under the coconuts during the different growth stages of the palms and thus the overall productivity of the land under this Cited by: Figure 2b. A farm layout guide of a coconut-root crop intercropping model under triangular planting system of coconut with spacing of meters and root crops (Sweet Potato: m x m, between rows and hills, respectively).

Coconut-Root Crops Cropping Model 3File Size: KB. coconut trees, at 3 m between hills and 3 m between rows. Furthermore, where there is limited land for lanzones monocropping, the inter-spaces of coconut lands (with meters of spacing of coconut palms) are amenable for several rows of lanzones crop.

Also important, the bio-physical environmental conditions, soil-wise, sunlight-wise andFile Size: KB. Coconut is a major commercial crop of Sri Lanka. Growing a number of other crops in association with coconuts is a widespread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the country.

Growing of intercrops in coconut lands produces more food and agricultural products, ensuring food security of the people in rural and urban areas. At the same time, the practice generates jobs and livelihood, enhancing farm incomes and the purchasing power of people, thus alleviating poverty in farming communities.

Moreover, successful farmers serve as inspiration and [ ]. Intercropping Coffee in coconut lands. Coffee could also be cultivated as a profitable intercrop in coconut lands in wet and intermediate areas. Coconut plantations between the age of 15 – 45 years provides required shade condition for coffee.

Journal of Crop and Weed 7(2) () Productivity and profitability of coconut based cropping systems with fruits and black pepper in West Bengal D. GHOSH AND A. BANDOPADHYAY AICRP on Palms, Department of Spices and Plantation Crops Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal.

Higher income through intercropping – Pineapple in Mango & Coconut Pineapple is a rain fed crop requiring equal amount shade and temperature.

It can be intercropped with coconut and rubber. In many places it is grown for soil conservation. The plant is taken care of only at planting and Size: KB. Intercropping is best done on a soil with a high level of fertility. The fertility of the land plays a crucial role in the performance and yield of the crops; hence, if you are planning to intercrop two or more crops, you must have prepared your land to a reasonable level of fertility.

What crops are suitable to intercrop with Coconut Intercrop with coconut Coconut intercrop Intercropping #intercrop #coconut #intercropping Cocoa intercrop with coconut. by Charles L. Mohler and Kimberly A.

Stoner. Intercropping is an all-encompassing term for the practice of growing two or more crops in close proximity: in the same row or bed, or in rows or strips that are close enough for biological cropping, companion planting, relay cropping, interseeding, overseeding, underseeding, smother cropping, planting polycultures, and using.

In Coconut Farming, to maximize the utilization of soil and sunlight in the coconut garden, intercropping can be adopted with a variety of crops like pineapple, banana, elephant foot yam, groundnut, chillies, sweet potato, tapioca, etc. up to years. During years of age of the palms, a crop like colocasia which can tolerate shade can.

Global coconut production is under the devastating threat of lethal yellowing diseases endemic in East and West Africa. The most practical solution to the disease problem lies in the development of resistant or tolerant coconut planting materials.

Malayan Yellow Dwarf (MYD) crossed (x) Vanuatu Tall (VTT) coconut hybrid was identified in a resistance screening work to have moderate tolerance to Cited by: 5. Depends on type of soil, water availability, market and labor supply. Here are some of the crops that do well for multiple or intercropping systems: Cocoa (great for coastal areas, highly remunerative, requires canopy management) Pineapple (shade.

This video was produced in Tiptur and it explains the benefits of inter cropping in coconut plantation. For more information and related videos visit us on h.

Coconut based intercropping system: Coconut garden with wider spacing of x m utilized only m2/ palm (%) and 50% of solar radiation. Root and tuber crop such as elephant foot yam, greater yam, cassava, spice crop like turmeric,ginger and other, vegetable and meditional and aromatic plants can profitably grown both at the.

ABSTRACT. Coconut is a major commercial crop of Sri Lanka. Growing a. number of other crops inassociation with coconuts is a wide­ spread practice in all coconut-growing areas of the country.

INTERCROPPING OF LEGUMES WITH CEREAL CROPS IN PARTICULAR WITH THE PERENNIALS TO ENHANCE FORAGE YIELDS AND QUALITY Dost Muhammed1, Ates Serkan 2 1 Regional Plant Production Officer, FAO RNE, Cairo, Egypt Email: [email protected] 2 International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Amman, Jordan Email: @ intercropping system where two or more crops are grown together on the same piece of land in competition with each other.

At the same time, however, the intercropping system is perhaps the best example of how interactions between crops can be exploited to produce considerable yield benefits. intercropping in coconut plantation depends on the age of the crop.

Intercropping varies with age For eg. if the age is above 25 years u can plan crops have a straight root system so that it may not compete with the available resources with 60years u can manage. General coconut spacing is x so u can go for medicinal crops or.

And then cash crops can be planted alongside those trees like pineapple, corn and mungbean. This type of intercropping is already practiced in many coconut farms in Laguna, which keeps farmers busy and earning all-year round.

Raising of livestock in coconut farms can also be done alongside the growing of other fruit-bearing trees. Intercropping in fruit crops 1. INTERCROPPING IN FRUIT CROPS Dr.

Parshant Bakshi (Associate Professor) Division of Fruit Science SAMETI Training on 25th th August, ” 2. Intercropping Intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops at. Mixed Intercropping Layout for a Vegetable Garden. Growing vegetables is a space-heavy endeavor, and if you haven’t got a lot of space, it might seem like an impossible task.

Luckily mixed. Light-sensitive crops can be protected from excess sunlight. Tree intercropping has many variations. Alley cropping is a system in which trees or hedges are planted in closely spaced rows to fertilize the crops grown between.

Parkland systems are a discontinuous cover of scattered trees. There are many others, and most are beautiful—chili. It is particularly important not to have crops competing with each other for physical space, nutrients, water, or sunlight.

Examples of intercropping strategies are planting a deep-rooted crop with a shallow-rooted crop, or planting a tall crop with a shorter crop that requires partial shade.

Planting cover crops: Contour drains: Contour bunds: Drainage drains: Terracing: Application of SALT (Sloping Agricultural Land Technology) Other practices: Avoid ploughing and harrowing in sloping lands. Rain water collection in tanks. Application of organic manure for coconut palms.

Perennial intercropping. Inter cropping. Inter/mixed crops may be selected based on the climatic requirement of the inter/mixed crop, irrigation facilities and soil type.

The canopy size, age and spacing of the coconut are also to be considered. Market suitability should be taken into consideration before selecting an intercrop. Rosalio Batal's coconut-based farm is located in Buenavista, Bansalan, Davao del Sur [Philippines].

It is a 7-ha coconut farm intercropped with cacao. Several major problems encountered by the farmer during the conduct of the study included low production of both coconut and cacao crops due to old age of cacao trees, rat infestation on both.

Sustainable coconut based intercropping for more income Janu Janu by mjprabu, posted in Uncategorized INTER-CROPPING coconut gardens with vegetables, pulses, tuber crops, fruit crops such as banana and pineapple makes for sustainable farming, according to Dr.

V. Rajagopal, Director, Central Plantation Crops Research.Intercropping is possible with multiple crops, depending on their compatibility; for example, in another region, Sensient is growing turmeric, annatto, and butterfly pea flowers in an area home to aging and unproductive coconut trees.

Intercropping with legumes like butterfly pea is one of the best ways to promote plant health because of their.Pest control is comparatively easy in intercropping. 9: All crops have almost similar life cycle and duration of maturation. The main crop and the intercrop show a considerable difference in the life cycle and duration of maturation.

Harvesting of crops is difficult. Different crops from the same field can be harvested easily.